A pregnant woman has to watch what she eats. One must be careful about the choice of food that is required to have a healthy baby and keep yourself healthy as well. Smaller meals full of nutrition are recommended by gynecologist along with vitamins and mineral supplements for the growth of the fetus. Let us take a look at the guidelines and ways to have a healthy diet during pregnancy.
Balanced diet and its importance in pregnancy
A balanced diet consists of the necessary foods needed for the growth of the fetus and the mother. Your body is going through many changes and to cope with such challenges, food is a good source that can provide you with energy, good health and easy delivery. It is important to have healthy diet during pregnancy. Which means your diet should contain sources of vitamins, carbohydrates, leafy vegetables, fruits, cereals, pulses etc. Calcium is essential for the construction of the bones and for the mother’s bone density. One should have healthy foods to eat during pregnancy like dairy products, figs, Okra, beans etc.
What to avoid and what to eat
What to eat during pregnancy is the most important question that women ask their doctors. There are certain foods that are to be avoided and some others to be included in your diet. It is mostly observed that food full of fats and deep fried food is not recommended. Also there are foods that you should never avoid like fruits, nuts, seeds and vegetables and meat. But the amount of food that a pregnant woman eats should be checked. You can make a chart and write down the foods to eat during pregnancy.
Food according to pregnancy stages
A doctor can tell you exactly what to eat during pregnancy. A pregnant woman during the first trimester can have around 2,200 calories. This is a very important stage as it is period of morning sickness. Apart from water, one should have plenty of vegetables, fruits, legumes and grains. Folic acid supplement should be followed for at least three months of pregnancy. In the second trimester, one can have foods like red meat, fibrous food, vitamin c rich foods etc. The food taken should be 2,500 calories and include fresh foods as much as possible.
In the third trimester, women must concentrate on lots of vitamin intake and include milk and dairy products daily. Calcium is necessary for the baby’s growth and also helps in creating breast milk after delivery. However, one should keep in mind that small amount of food should be consumed the whole day, which helps in proper digestion and prevents heartburn. Plenty of water is good for digestion and the overall health.